What is the Human Genome, and how does this affect me?
Genes are made up of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) and are the template to make proteins. We have two copies of each gene, one inherited from each parent.
Human DNA consists of over 3 billion nucleotide base pairs, more than 99% of which are identical in each us. The remainder contains small variations known as SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms).
Discover How Your DNA Personalizes Your Healthcare. Explore Your Past and Shape Your Future. “Genomic medicine is an emerging medical discipline that involves using genomic information about an individual as part of their clinical care (e.g. for diagnostic or therapeutic decision-making) and the health outcomes and policy implications of that clinical use.” -National Institute of Health
A SNP is a variation in a single nucleotide that occurs at specific position in the genome.
Usually, SNPs alone will not cause disease; rather they convey a susceptibility to disease and change the responsiveness to environmental exposures.
Replace trial and error with triumph. Genomics provide the blue print for your body’s molecular framework and how your body responds to the world around you. Because you are unique, the traditional “one-size-fits-all” approach simply doesn’t work. Genomic information can be used as part of clinical care (e.g. for diagnostic or therapeutic decision-making) and provide clues for what actions will work best for you.